The Project: Modern Movie Center
This was my final year project for my Masters Degree which I completed in 2008. I choose to create a complex to house all works and related material of the Yugoslav Film Archive from its current disparate locations around Belgrade to a single unified location. I was inspired by the idea that as we have one of the oldest, most significant and plentiful film archives in Europe it should be brought together under one roof for display, discovery and preservation. As recent years have seen a marked interest in film and generally in wanting to project the new cultural identity of our region in building and through exhibitions and museums I felt this project would also meet those aspirations.
The central reasoning behind the specific design and layout of the complex is to route cinema goers through the museum, multimedia hall, library, as past old paraphernalia of the film industry and film sets en-route to the cinema. These people are there for forced to meet their own cinematic history and film treasures.
Of note: In 2010 a complex similar in design to my own study project was actually made by refurbishing and extending an existing building in Uzun Mirkova street, Belgrade. This ‘Cinematography House’ with 4,800 square meters on five levels is a blend of past and modern. In addition to modern equipment and newly constructed elements many of the old interior parts are retained as testimony to the old times.
Here are a few 3d drawings of my proposed building created in ArchiCad 11. This final renderings were made by my colleague Marko Cirkovic who has been using 3DS Max to generate perspective views.
Functional Organization of my proposed Building:
Functionally, the building is divided into two zones: ‘Center for film’ and ‘Research Center’.
The ground and lower floors of the ‘Center for Film’’ are intended for public facilities such as cinema, café-bookstore, multipurpose ceremonial hall, shops for souvenirs, etc. At higher elevations are the media library, media center and museum. Films strips are imbued on the cinema halls which involve the visitors in the history of film and so to the actual achievements of the industry.
The “Research Movie Center” next to the administrative area includes office space and workshops to explore film from the cabinets. Included here is a photo library, research space and meeting rooms.
The parking requirement is resolved by using an underground garage in the corresponding plot. The garage has two entrances with vehicular access planned from Katanićeva Street and McKenzie Street. Also within is a depot for storage of film material. The maximum elevation of the garage roof is ground level.
Side plans of the building:
General Information about the Yugoslav Film Archive:
The Yugoslav Film Archives is the national film archives of the Republic of Serbia, founded in 1949 as the then central Yugoslav Film Archive. It consists of four organizational units: Archives of the Yugoslav Film Archive, the Museum of Yugoslav Film Archive, Movie Theaters and Libraries.
The Yugoslav Film Archive is one of the founders and a permanent member of the FIAF (International Federation of Film Archives) and is the most comprehensive collection of film material in Eastern Europe and which includes over 80,000 film prints, which comprises nearly 125 million feet of film strips. These are the most important archive materials and documentary footage related to the territory of the former Yugoslavia starting with the oldest preserved local film “Crowning of King Petar I” from 1904. In addition the collection of foreign films, making up 80% of the current collection of the Yugoslav Film Archive, it contains all of the most valuable works from the history of world cinema.
The main task of the institution is to collect, permanently preserve and professionally process films, film material and backing film material – such as photos, posters, promotional materials, documentation, models, old objects in the field of cinema, and make them available to researchers, students, citizens, to cooperate with related institutions at home and abroad, to perform the exchange of films and film material. Film Library is also open to all researchers and academics dealing with the history and theory of film. Through lectures, debates, exhibitions and promotion of books, to actively participate in education and the dissemination of film culture in our country.
The influx of new films and material is a problem for the Yugoslav Cinema theque because the current storage space, having been built thirty years ago, is too small and inadequate for current and future requirements.